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Article Library

5-Fluorouracil

Topical 5% 5-fluorouracil cream in the treatment of plantar warts: a prospective, randomized, and controlled clinical study.

Treatment of verruca plantaris with a combination of topical fluorouracil and salicylic acid.

ABHR

Lorazepam, diphenhydramine, and haloperidol transdermal gel for rescue from chemotherapy- induced nausea/vomiting: results of two pilot trials.

Oral combination antiemetics in patients with small cell lung cancer receiving cisplatin or cyclophosphamide plus doxorubicin.

Tolerability of the compound ABHR in hospice patients.

Acetaminophen/Codeine

Comparison of oral versus rectal administration of acetaminophen with codeine in postoperative pediatric adenotonsillectomy patients.

Acetic acid

Management of heel pain syndrome with acetic acid iontophoresis.

Aluminum chloride

Treatment of primary hyperhidrosis.

Amikacin

Aerosol performance of large respirable particles of amikacin sulfate produced by spray and freeze drying techniques.

In vitro effect of chlorhexidine and amikacin on oral gram-negative bacilli from bone marrow transplant recipients.

Amitriptyline

A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a topical treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: NCCTG trial N06CA.

A pilot study examining topical amitriptyline, ketamine, and a combination of both in the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Combination gel of 1% amitriptyline and 0.5% ketamine to treat refractory erythromelalgia pain: a new treatment option?

Effective use of topical amitriptyline hydrochloride 2.5% and ketamine hydrochloride 0.5% for analgesia in refractory proctodynia.

Evaluation of the effect of locally administered amitriptyline gel as adjunct to local anesthetics in irreversible pulpitis pain.

Peripheral antinociceptive actions of desipramine and fluoxetine in an inflammatory and neuropathic pain test in the rat.

Topical amitriptyline and ketamine in neuropathic pain syndromes: an open-label study.

Topical amitriptyline and ketamine in neuropathic pain syndromes: an open-label study.

Topical amitriptyline combined with ketamine for the treatment of erythromelalgia: a retrospective study of 36 patients at MayClinic.

Topical amitriptyline combined with topical ketamine for the management of recalcitrant localized pruritus: a retrospective pilot study.

Topical amitriptyline in healthy volunteers.

Topical amitriptyline, ketamine, and lidocaine in neuropathic pain caused by radiation skin reaction: a pilot study.

Topical amitriptyline-ketamine for the treatment of brachioradial pruritus.

Topical amitriptyline-ketamine for treatment of rectal, genital, and perineal pain and discomfort.

Use of transdermal amitriptyline gel in a patient with chronic pain and depression.

Amphotericin

A case series of the management of symptomatic azole-resistant candida (vaginal gel).

A meta-analysis of topical amphotericin B for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.

A targeted peritransplant antifungal strategy for the prevention of invasive fungal disease after lung transplantation: a sequential cohort analysis.

Advances in upper airway diseases and allergen immunotherapy.

Antibiotic prophylaxis of respiratory tract infection in mechanically ventilated patients. A prospective, blinded, randomized trial of the effect of a novel regimen.

Association of topical amphotericin B lipid complex treatment to standard therapy for rhinomaxillary mucormycosis after liver transplantation: a case report.

Colonization in patients receiving and not receiving topical antimicrobial prophylaxis.

Effects of topical antimicrobial agents on the human neutrophil respiratory burst.

Efficacious treatment of non-dermatophyte mould onychomycosis with topical amphotericin B.

Otic administration of amphotericin B 0.25% in sterile water.

Prevention of nosocomial lung infection in ventilated patients: use of an antimicrobial pharyngeal nonabsorbable paste.

Prophylactic application of nebulized liposomal amphotericin B in hematologic patients with neutropenia.

Topical amphotericin B and subconjunctival injection of fluconazole (combination therapy) versus topical amphotericin B (monotherapy) in treatment of keratomycosis.

Treatment of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (fungus ball type, mural thickness type).

Treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with intranasal amphotericin B: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind pilot trial.

Use of nebulized amphotericin B in the treatment of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in cystic fibrosis.

Azelaic acid

Modern approach to topical treatment of aging skin.

Azithromycin

Azithromycin inhibits mucus hypersecretion from airway epithelial cells.

Inhaled azithromycin therapy.

Aztreonam

Efficacy and safety of inhaled aztreonam lysine for airway pseudomonas in cystic fibrosis.

Baclofen

A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a topical treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: NCCTG trial N06CA.

Effects of topical baclofen on C fibre-evoked neuronal activity in the rat dorsal horn.

Novel Vesicular Approach For Topical Delivery of Baclofen Via Niosomes.

Permeation and systemic absorption of R- and S-baclofen across the nasal mucosa.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Utility of topical benzoyl peroxide for prevention of surgical skin wound infection.

[Benzoyl peroxide in the treatment of decubitus ulcers].

Betahistine

A review of medical treatment for M�ni�re's disease.

Betahistine dihydrochloride in the treatment of peripheral vestibular vertigo.

Betahistine in the treatment of vertigo. History and clinical implications of recent pharmacological researches.

Betahistine increases vestibular blood flow.

Treatment of acute vestibular vertigo.

Betamethasone

Local steroid treatment of allergic diseases of the upper respiratory tract].

Other anti-inflammatory uses of intranasal corticosteroids in upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.

Structure-activity relationships of topically active steroids: the selection of fluticasone propionate.

Bifonazole

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

Boric acid

Antifungal agents vs. boric acid for treating chronic mycotic vulvovaginitis.

Prevalence of Candida glabrata and its response to boric acid vaginal suppositories in comparison with oral fluconazole in patients with diabetes and vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Prolonged (3-month) mycological cure rate after boric acid suppositories in diabetic women with vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Treatment of Torulopsis glabrata vaginitis: retrospective review of boric acid therapy.

Treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis with boric acid powder.

Budesonide

Budesonide foam versus budesonide enema in active ulcerative proctitis and proctosigmoiditis.

Effect of budesonide enema on remission and relapse rate in distal ulcerative colitis and proctitis.

Oral viscous budesonide: a potential new therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis in children.

Topical viscous budesonide suspension for treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis.

Bupivicaine

Topical bupivacaine compared to lidocaine with epinephrine for post-tonsillectomy pain relief in children: a randomized controlled study.

Buprenorphine

Buprenorphine 5, 10 and 20??g/h transdermal patch: a review of its use in the management of chronic non-malignant pain.

Clinical update on the pharmacology, efficacy and safety of transdermal buprenorphine.

Efficacy and safety of buprenorphine transdermal system (BTDS) for chronic moderate to severe low back pain: a randomized, double-blind study.

Efficacy and safety of transdermal buprenorphine: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 289 patients with severe cancer pain.

Is there a ceiling effect of transdermal buprenorphine? Preliminary data in cancer patients.

Transdermal buprenorphine plus oral paracetamol vs an oral codeine-paracetamol combination for osteoarthritis of hip and/or knee: a randomised trial.

Butenafine

Treatment of toenail onychomycosis with 2% butenafine and 5% Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil in cream.

Butorphanol

Bioavailability of intranasal butorphanol administered from a single-dose sprayer.

Pharmacokinetics of butorphanol tartrate administered from single-dose intranasal sprayer.

The efficacy and safety of transnasal butorphanol for postoperative pain control following lower laparoscopic surgery.

Cantharidin

Cantharidin revisited: a blistering defense of an ancient medicine.

Childhood molluscum contagiosum: experience with cantharidin therapy in 300 patients.

Capsaicin

Intranasal capsaicin reduces nasal hyperreactivity in idiopathic rhinitis: a double-blind randomized application regimen study.

Intranasal Capsicum spray in idiopathic rhinitis: a randomized prospective application regimen trial.

The long-term effects of capsaicin aqueous spray on the nasal mucosa.

Topical application of doxepin hydrochloride, capsaicin and a combination of both produces analgesia in chronic human neuropathic pain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Carbamazepine

Bioavailability of rectally administered carbamazepine mixture.

Carbamazepine uptake into rat brain following intra-olfactory transport.

Design and in vitro evaluation of a novel vaginal drug delivery system based on gelucire.

Nasal administration of carbamazepine using chitosan microspheres: in vitro/in vivo studies.

Rectal administration of carbamazepine gel.

Rectal administration of carbamazepine suspension.

Rectal doxepin and carbamazepine therapy in patients with cancer.

Thermally reversible in situ gelling carbamazepine liquid suppository.

Caspofungin

Alternaria keratitis: clinical presentation and resolution with topical fluconazole or intrastromal voriconazole and topical caspofungin.

Penetration of topically administered 0.5-percent caspofungin eye drops into human aqueous humor.

Stability of extemporaneously prepared 0.5-percent caspofungin eye drops: a potential cost-savings exercise.

Suitability of caspofungin for aerosol delivery: physicochemical profiling and nebulizer choice.

Cefazolin

Pharmacokinetics of topical and intravenous cefazolin in patients with clean surgical wounds.

Cefotaxime

Delivery of cefotaxime to the brain via intranasal administration.

Effect of the topical application of some newer antibiotics on the cerebral cortex.

Topical use of antibiotics for paranasal sinusitis.

Ceftazidime

Nebulized ceftazidime in experimental pneumonia caused by partially resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Celecoxib

Development and evaluation of transdermal patches of celecoxib.

In vitro characterization of chitosan gels for buccal delivery of celecoxib: influence of a penetration enhancer.

Preparation and evaluation of celecoxib transdermal patches.

Preparation, charactarization and anti-inflammatory activity of celecoxib chitosan gel formulations.

Preparation, characterization, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of transdermal matrix films of celecoxib.

Reduction of scar formation in full-thickness wounds with topical celecoxib treatment.

Cholestyramine

Cholestyramine ointment in the treatment of perianal skin irritation following ileoanal anastomosis.

Cholestyramine ointment to treat buttocks rash and anal excoriation in an infant.

Ciclopirox

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

The use of 40% urea cream in the treatment of moccasin tinea pedis.

Ciprofloxacin

Formulation and in vitro evaluation of ciprofloxacin containing niosomes for pulmonary delivery.

Inhaled antibiotics for lower respiratory tract infections: focus on ciprofloxacin.

Spray-freeze-dried liposomal ciprofloxacin powder for inhaled aerosol drug delivery.

Topical ciprofloxacin is superior to topical saline and systemic antibiotics in the treatment of tympanostomy tube otorrhea in children: the results of a randomized clinical trial.

Topical steroid drops for the treatment of sinus ostia stenosis in the postoperative period.

Clarithromycin

Aerosol-based efficient delivery of clarithromycin, a macrolide antimicrobial agent, to lung epithelial lining fluid and alveolar macrophages for treatment of respiratory infections.

Beneficial effect of antibiotics on ciliary beat frequency of human nasal epithelial cells exposed to bacterial toxins.

Physicochemical and anti-bacterial performance characterization of clarithromycin nanoparticles as colloidal drug delivery system.

Clindamycin

Antibiotic treatment of acne may be associated with upper respiratory tract infections.

Efficacy of the addition of salicylic acid to clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide combination for acne vulgaris.

Improvement of cystic fibrosis during treatment with isotretinoin.

The effects of topical oral clindamycin antibiotic rinses on the bacterial content of saliva on healthy human subjects.

The use of topical oral antibiotics in head and neck prophylaxis: is it justified?

Topical nicotinamide compared with clindamycin gel in the treatment of inflammatory acne vulgaris.

Clobetasol

Oral and topical L-phenylalanine, clobetasol propionate, and UVA/sunlight--a new study for the treatment of vitiligo.

Palliative treatment of fingernail lichen planus.

Topical clobetasol propionate in the treatment of psoriasis: a review of newer formulations.

Clonazepam

Intranasal delivery of antiepileptic medications for treatment of seizures.

Topical clonazepam in stomatodynia: a randomised placebo-controlled study.

Clonidine

Topical Gel to Treat Diabetic Neuropathy Proves Successful in Phase 2.

Clotrimazole

Comparison of efficacy of fluconazole mouthrinse and clotrimazole mouthpaint in the treatment of oral candidiasis.

Efficacy of topical antifungals in the treatment of dermatophytosis: a mixed-treatment comparison meta-analysis involving 14 treatments.

Formulation and in vitro evaluation of clotrimazole gel containing almond oil and tween 80 as penetration enhancer for topical application.

Repeated rhinoscopic and serologic assessment of the effectiveness of intranasally administered clotrimazole for the treatment of nasal aspergillosis in dogs.

Colistimethate

A closer look at aerosolized colistin.

Aerosolized colistin as adjunctive treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria: a prospective study.

Aerosolized plus intravenous colistin versus intravenous colistin alone for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a matched case-control study.

Benefits of aerosolized colistin for ventilator-associated pneumonia: absence of proof versus proof of absence?

Colistin administration to pediatric and neonatal patients.

Comparative efficacy of twdoses of nebulized colistimethate in the eradication of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in children with cystic fibrosis.

Dry powder inhalation of colistin in cystic fibrosis patients: a single dose pilot study.

Effect of long-term nebulized colistin on lung function and quality of life in patients with chronic bronchial sepsis.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to high-dose colistin aerosol therapy.

Induced tolerance to nebulized colistin after severe reaction to the drug.

Inhaled anti-infective agents: emphasis on colistin.

Inhaled colistin as adjunctive therapy to intravenous colistin for the treatment of microbiologically documented ventilator-associated pneumonia: a comparative cohort study.

Inhaled colistin for the treatment of tracheobronchitis and pneumonia in critically ill children without cystic fibrosis.

Monotherapy with inhaled colistin for the treatment of patients with ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis due to polymyxin-only-susceptible Gram-negative bacteria.

Nebulized bacitracin/colimycin: a treatment option in recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis with Staphylococcus aureus? A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over pilot study.

Pharmacokinetics of inhaled colistin in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Post-neurosurgical multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis successfully treated with intrathecal colistin. A new case and a systematic review of the literature.

Randomized controlled trial of nebulized colistimethate sodium as adjunctive therapy of ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by Gram-negative bacteria.

Retrospective study on the efficacy of colistin by inhalation as compared to parenteral administration for treatment of nosocomial pneumonia associated with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Treatment of recurrent Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ventilator-associated pneumonia with doxycycline and aerosolized colistin.

Cortisone

Promotion of second intention wound healing by emu oil lotion: comparative results with furasin, polysporin, and cortisone.

Cyclobenzaprine

Gel relieves arthritis pain.

Pharmacological approaches other than opioids in chronic non-cancer pain management.

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)

Modern approach to topical treatment of aging skin.

Dexamethasone

Aerosols in the treatment of obstructive pulmonary disease.

Corticosteroids in the management of upper respiratory allergy: the emerging role of steroid nasal sprays.

Double-blind study of clinical and functional respiratory effects of dexamethasone isonicotinate aerosol.

Local application of corticosteroids in aimed treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Modern aerosols in the treatment of obstructive respiratory tract diseases.

Relative importance of antibiotic and improved clearance in topical treatment of chronic mucopurulent rhinosinusitis. A controlled study.

Temporomandibular joint iontophoresis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.

Treatment of plantar fasciitis by iontophoresis of 0.4% dexamethasone. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Whole-body plethysmography studies on the effect of various inhalable corticosteroids in obstructive respiratory tract diseases.

Dextromethorphan

Efficacy and safety of dextromethorphan/quinidine at twdosage levels for diabetic neuropathic pain: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

Diazepam

Intranasal delivery of antiepileptic medications for treatment of seizures.

Diclofenac

A comparative subjective assessment study of PENNSAID and Voltaren Gel, twtopical formulations of diclofenac sodium.

A long-term, open-label study to confirm the safety of topical diclofenac solution containing dimethyl sulfoxide in the treatment of the osteoarthritic knee.

A new topical formulation enhances relative diclofenac bioavailability in healthy male subjects.

An open-label, long-term safety and tolerability trial of diclofenac sodium 1% gel in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Analgesic efficacy and safety of the diclofenac epolamine topical patch 1.3% (DETP) in minor soft tissue injury.

Comparative In Vitro Transmucosal Permeation of Three Proprietary Diclofenac Gels.

Diclofenac epolamine (Flector) patch: evidence for topical activity.

Diclofenac epolamine plus heparin plaster versus diclofenac epolamine plaster in mild to moderate ankle sprain: a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre

Diclofenac sodium topical solution 1.5% w/w with dimethyl sulfoxide compared with placebfor the treatment of osteoarthritis: pooled safety results.

Efficacy and safety of topical diclofenac containing dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) compared with those of topical placebo, DMSvehicle and oral diclofenac for knee osteoarthritis.

Gastrointestinal tolerability of diclofenac epolamine topical patch 1.3%: a pooled analysis of 14 clinical studies.

Randomized clinical comparisons of diclofenac concentration in the soft tissues and blood plasma between topical and oral applications.

Randomized controlled trial of diclofenac sodium gel in knee osteoarthritis.

Review of the efficacy and tolerability of the diclofenac epolamine topical patch 1.3% in patients with acute pain due to soft tissue injuries.

Review of the pharmaceutical properties and clinical effects of the topical NSAID formulation, diclofenac epolamine.

Safety and efficacy of topical diclofenac sodium gel for knee osteoarthritis in elderly and younger patients: pooled data from three randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicentre trials.

Safety profile of topical diclofenac: a meta-analysis of blinded, randomized, controlled trials in musculoskeletal conditions.

Systemic bioavailability of topical diclofenac sodium gel 1% versus oral diclofenac sodium in healthy volunteers.

The efficacy and safety of low-dose diclofenac sodium 0.1% gel for the symptomatic relief of pain and erythema associated with superficial natural sunburn.

Tolerability of Topical Diclofenac Sodium 1% Gel for Osteoarthritis in Seniors and Patients With Comorbidities.

Topical diclofenac epolamine patch 1.3% for treatment of acute pain caused by soft tissue injury.

Topical diclofenac solution.

Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: The Importance of Drug, Delivery, and Therapeutic Outcome.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Diltiazem

A comparative study on in vitro and in vivo effects of topical vasodilators in human internal mammary, radial artery and great saphenous vein.

Dimethylaminoethanol

The antiwrinkle effect of topical concentrated 2-dimethylaminoethanol involves a vacuolar cytopathology.

The role of dimethylaminoethanol in cosmetic dermatology.

Doxepin

Oral Doxepin Rinse: The Analgesic Effect and Duration of Pain Reduction in Patients with Oral Mucositis Due to Cancer Therapy.

Doxepin HCl

Topical application of doxepin hydrochloride, capsaicin and a combination of both produces analgesia in chronic human neuropathic pain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Etodolac

Pharmacokinetic study of etodolac after rectal administration; "in vitro" release kinetics.

Felbamate

Rectal administration of felbamate in a child with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

Fentanyl

Absorption of fentanyl from fentanyl buccal tablet in cancer patients with or without oral mucositis: a pilot study.

Bioequivalence following buccal and sublingual placement of fentanyl buccal tablet 400 microg in healthy subjects.

Does the standard intravenous solution of fentanyl (50 microg/mL) administered intranasally have analgesic efficacy?

Effect of buccal dwell time on the pharmacokinetic profile of fentanyl buccal tablet.

Formulation issues associated with transdermal fentanyl delivery.

Intranasal fentanyl for analgesia in the paediatric emergency department.

New formulations of fentanyl for acute pain management.

Pharmacokinetic comparisons of three nasal fentanyl formulations; pectin, chitosan and chitosan-poloxamer 188.

Pharmacokinetics of intranasal fentanyl spray in patients with cancer and breakthrough pain.

Fluconazole

A comparative evaluation of combination therapy of fluconazole 1% and urea 40% compared with fluconazole 1% alone in a nail lacquer for treatment of onychomycosis: therapeutic trial.

A comparative evaluation of combination therapy of fluconazole 1% and urea 40% compared with fluconazole 1% alone in a nail lacquer fortreatment of onychomycosis: therapeutic trial.

Antifungal activity of ibuprofen alone and in combination with fluconazole against Candida species.

Chronic fungal vaginitis: the value of cultures.

Combination of fluconazole and urea in a nail lacquer for treating onychomycosis.

Comparison of efficacy of fluconazole mouthrinse and clotrimazole mouthpaint in the treatment of oral candidiasis.

Comparison of efficacy of fluconazole mouthrinse and clotrimazole mouthpaint in the treatment of oral candidiasis.

Fluconazole nasal spray in the treatment of allergic fungal sinusitis: a pilot study.

Fluconazole nasal spray in the treatment of allergic fungal sinusitis: a pilot study.

Medicated Lollipops for the Treatment of Oral Thrush in Children.

Prevalence of Candida glabrata and its response tboric acid vaginal suppositories in comparison with oral fluconazole in patients with diabetes and vulvovaginal candidiasis.

The comparison of solitary topical micafungin or fluconazole application in the treatment of Candida fungal keratitis.

The role of antifungal therapy in the prevention of recurrent allergic fungal rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomized, controlled study (nasal spray or irrigation).

The role of antifungal therapy in the prevention of recurrent allergic fungal rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopic sinus surgery: a randomized, controlled study.

Treatment of fungal infections of upper respiratory tract and ear.

Treatment of onychomycosis: pros and cons of antifungal agents.

Flucytosine

Treatment of Candida glabrata using topical amphotericin B and flucytosine.

Treatment of vaginitis caused by Candida glabrata: use of topical boric acid and flucytosine.

Flurbiprofen

Characterization of the transdermal transport of flurbiprofen and indomethacin.

Effect of counter-ions and penetration enhancers on the skin permeation of flurbiprofen.

Effect of olive oil on transdermal penetration of flurbiprofen from topical gel as enhancer.

Effects of solid carriers on the crystalline properties, dissolution and bioavailability of flurbiprofen in solid self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (solid SNEDDS).

Flurbiprofen in gel: study of acceptability, tolerability and evaluation of its allergenic potential.

Formulation and evaluation of flurbiprofen microemulsion.

Formulation and evaluation of flurbiprofen microemulsion.

Improvement in bioavailability of transdermally applied flurbiprofen using tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) and turpentine oil.

In vitro release studies of flurbiprofen from different topical formulations.

In Vitro/In Vivo Assessment of Flurbiprofen-Matrix Type Transdermal Delivery System.

Intracrevicular application of 0.3% Flurbiprofen gel and 0.3% Triclosan gel as anti inflammatory agent. A comparative clinical study.

Lipid nanoparticles for transdermal delivery of flurbiprofen: formulation, in vitro, ex vivand in vivstudies.

Lipid nanoparticles for transdermal delivery of flurbiprofen: formulation, in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo studies.

Potential use of nanostructured lipid carriers for topical delivery of flurbiprofen.

Topical Delivery of Flurbiprofen from Pluronic Lecithin Organogel.

Fluticasone

A randomized double-blind study to compare the effects of nasal fluticasone and betamethasone on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and bone turnover in patients with nasal polyposis.

Episodic viral wheeze in preschool children: effect of topical nasal corticosteroid prophylaxis.

Fluticasone (Flonase).

Fluticasone furoate nasal spray in the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

Fluticasone Propionate.

Fluticasone topical (Rx).

Other anti-inflammatory uses of intranasal corticosteroids in upper respiratory inflammatory diseases.

Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy wholly abated with one week twice daily application of fluticasone propionate lotion: A case report and review of the literature

Randomized trial of inhaled fluticasone propionate in chronic stable pulmonary sarcoidosis: a pilot study.

The effect of intranasal fluticasone propionate irrigations on salivary cortisol, intraocular pressure, and posterior subcapsular cataracts in postsurgical chronic rhinosinusitis patients.

The effect of topical fluticasone on nasal nitric oxide levels in a patient with allergic rhinitis.

The pharmacological basis for the treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis with topical corticosteroids.

Gabapentin

A case of rheumatoid arthritis presenting with postherpetic neuralgia and abdominal-wall pseudohernia.

Adjuvant analgesics.

Evaluation of gabapentin in the treatment of generalized vulvodynia, unprovoked.

Extended mesh repair with external oblique muscle reinforcement for abdominal wall contour abnormalities following TRAM flap.

Recent advances in the pharmacological management of pain.

Skin involvement in zoster.

Spermine modulation of specific [3H]-gabapentin binding to the detergent-solubilized porcine cerebral cortex alpha 2 delta calcium channel subunit.

Topical analgesic combinations for bortezomib neuropathy.

Topical gabapentin in the treatment of localized and generalized vulvodynia.

Topical gel for neuropathic pain.

General - Ace Inhibitors

Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or DuP753 prevent neointimal formation following balloon injury with single topical or multiple systemic application.

General - Antibacterial

A comparison between spray drying and spray freeze drying for dry powder inhaler formulation of drug-loaded lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles.

Administration of antibiotics via the respiratory tract as monotherapy for pneumonia.

Aerosol antibiotics: considerations in pharmacological and clinical evaluation.

Aerosolized antibiotics for treating hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Antimicrobial topical agents used in the vagina.

Challenges with current inhaled treatments for chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Cospray dried antibiotics for dry powder lung delivery.

Epithelial profiling of antibiotic controlled release respiratory formulations.

Inhaled antimicrobial therapy: doses, osmolalities and pH.

Local antibiotic delivery using tailorable chitosan sponges: the future of infection control?

Microbiological insights into respiratory infections and the opportunities for inhaled therapy.

Microparticles for inhalational delivery of antipseudomonal antibiotics.

Nasal irrigation with or without drugs: the evidence.

Topical antibiotic treatment reduces tympanostomy tube biofilm formation.

Topical Antimicrobial Therapy for Treating Chronic Wounds.

Topical therapy for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization: impact on infection risk.

Using antimicrobial solution for irrigation in appendicitis to lower surgical site infection rates.

General - Delivery Device - Mucosal Atomization Device

A comparative evaluation of drops versus atomized administration of intranasal ketamine for the procedural sedation of young uncooperative pediatric dental patients: a prospective crossover trial.

Comparison of the behavioral and cardiovascular effects of intranasal and oral d-amphetamine in healthy human subjects.

Intranasal midazolam vs rectal diazepam for the home treatment of acute seizures in pediatric patients with epilepsy.

Prehospital intranasal midazolam for the treatment of pediatric seizures.

The use of intranasal midazolam in the treatment of paediatric dental patients.

Topical budesonide via mucosal atomization device in refractory postoperative chronic rhinosinusitis.

General - Delivery Device - NasoNeb Nasal Nebulizer (www.nasoneb.com)

A pilot study of the effects of intranasal budesonide delivered by NasoNeb� on patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

Hypertonic saline is more effective than normal saline in seasonal allergic rhinitis in children.

NasoNeb Delivery of an Intranasal Steroid.

Nasoneb: Resources.

Prospective evaluation of aerosol delivery by a powered nasal nebulizer in the cadaver model.

Resolution of Nasal Polyps in a 73 year old male with recurrent nasal polyps after 4 weeks of intranasal steroid therapy delivered by NasoNeb� System.

General - Delivery Device - NeilMed (www.neilmed.com)

Irrigation penetration of nasal delivery systems: a cadaver study.

Neilmed: Medical Literature.

Neilmed: Principals of Nasal Irrigation.

Neilmed: Sinus Anatomy.

Neilmed: Why Doctors Prefer Neilmed�.

General - Delivery Device - Sinustar (http://www.pari.com/products/sinus.html)

Assessment of nasal spray deposition pattern in a silicone human nose model using a color-based method.

Sinustar: Clinical Summaries

General Antihistamine

Concentrations of tranilast in keloid tissues

Diphenhydramine and hyaluronic acid derivatives reduce adnexal adhesions and prevent tubal obstructions in rats

Effect of Mederma on hypertrophic scarring in the rabbit ear model

Effect of tranilast, an anti-allergic drug, on the human keloid tissues

Effects of diphenhydramine HCl and methylprednisolone in the prevention of abdominal adhesions

Factors affecting hypertrophic scar development in median sternotomy incisions for congenital cardiac surgery

Prevention of postoperative adhesion formation by individual and combined administration of 4 per cent icodextrin and dimetindene maleate

Reducing post-surgical adhesions utilizing a drug-enhanced device: sodium carboxymethylcellulose aqueous gel/poly(p-dioxanone) and Tranilast

Reduction of post-surgical adhesion formation with tranilast

The antihistamine treatment of keloids

The comparison of diphenhydramine HCl and Nedocromil sodium in prevention of abdominal postoperative adhesion formation in rat models: an experimental study

The effect of the anti-allergic agent avil on abnormal scar fibroblasts

The mechanism involved in the inhibitory action of tranilast on collagen biosynthesis of keloid fibroblasts

The prevention of postoperative intraperitoneal adhesions by tranilast: N-(3',4'-dimethoxycinnamoyl)anthranilic acid

The use of antihistamine to retard the growth of fibroblasts derived from human skin, scar, and keloid

Therapeutic hotline. Effectiveness of the association of cetirizine and topical steroids in lichen planus pilaris--an open-label clinical trial

Tranilast inhibits collagen synthesis in normal, scleroderma and keloid fibroblasts at a late passage culture but not at an early passage culture

Tranilast, a selective inhibitor of collagen synthesis in human skin fibroblasts

Tranilast: a pharmaceutical candidate for reduction of adhesions using a novel approach

Treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars by iontophoretic transdermal delivery of tranilast

General Corticosteroids

595nm pulsed dye laser combined with intralesional corticosteroids in hypertrophic symptomatic scars following breast reduction surgery

A comparative clinical study of the treatment of hypertrophic scars with either intralaesional steroid or silicone gel sheeting

A comparative study evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of twtopical therapies for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars

A comparison of intralesional triamcinolone and cryosurgery in the treatment of acne keloids

A comparison of the combined effect of cryotherapy and corticosteroid injections versus corticosteroids and cryotherapy alone on keloids: a controlled study

A protocol for the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

A review of the biologic effects, clinical efficacy, and safety of silicone elastomer sheeting for hypertrophic and keloid scar treatment and management

A review of the effectiveness of antimitotic drug injections for hypertrophic scars and keloids

Acute and chronic animal models for excessive dermal scarring: quantitative studies

Aetiology and management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

An open label study of clobetasol propionate 0.05% and betamethasone valerate 0.12% foams in the treatment of mild to moderate acne keloidalis

An open, randomized, controlled, comparative study of the combined effect of intralesional triamcinolone acetonide and onion extract gel and intralesional triamcinolone acetonide alone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Are there any good treatments for keloid scarring after sternotomy

Auricular keloids: treatment and results

Betamethasone cream for the treatment of pre-pubertal labial adhesions

Betamethasone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars

Clinical applications of basic research that shows reducing skin tension could prevent and treat abnormal scarring: the importance of fascial/subcutaneous tensile reduction sutures and flap surgery for keloid and hypertrophic scar reconstruction

Clinico-pathological evaluation of keloids treated with intralesional injections of corticoid

Combined modalities in the management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Combined therapy in the treatment of auricular keloids

Comparison of intralesional verapamil with intralesional triamcinolone in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Conservative therapy of scars and wrinkles

Cortisone jet injection as therapy of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Current methods of treatment and prevention of pathologic scars

Current use of steroids in management of abnormal raised skin scars

Decreased scar formation with topical corticosteroid treatment

Dietary compounds inhibit proliferation and contraction of keloid and hypertrophic scar-derived fibroblasts in vitro: therapeutic implication for excessive scarring

Dose-dependent effects of short-term methylprednisolone on myocardial infarct extent, scar formation, and ventricular function

Effect of injection of triamcinolone on type 1 procollagen and fibronectin in scar tissue

Effects of interferon-alpha2b on keloid treatment with triamcinolone acetonide intralesional injection

Efficacy of intralesional 5-fluorouracil and triamcinolone in the treatment of keloids

Evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of etanercept compared to triamcinolone acetonide for the intralesional treatment of keloids

Evaluation of the effect of topical steroids on human scar contracture using a nude mouse model

Experience with difficult keloids

Facial keloids and their management

Head and neck keloid: treatment by core excision and delayed intralesional injection of steroid

Healing of surgical wounds of the skin of rats after topical application of hydrocortisone, prednisolone and triamcinolone in identical concentrations and associated with an antibiotic

Hypertrophic and keloidal scars: an approach to polytherapy

Hypertrophic scar in a dog: histological and clinical features

Hypertrophic scars and keloids

Hypertrophic scars and keloids: etiology and management

Intra- and postoperative steroid injections for keloids and hypertrophic scars

Intralesional 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of keloid scars

Intralesional triamcinolone alone or in combination with 5-fluorouracil for the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars

Keloid pathogenesis and treatment

Keloids and hypertrophic scars

Keloids and hypertrophic scars: results with intraoperative and serial postoperative corticosteroid injection therapy

Laser scar revision: comparison study of 585-nm pulsed dye laser with and without intralesional corticosteroids

Letter: further options for treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Long-term outcome of intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of keloid scars in Asian patients

Management of hypertrophic scars and keloids

Management of keloids and hypertrophic scars

Medical and surgical management of keloids: a review

Medical and surgical therapies for keloids.

Morphological analysis of the connective tissue reaction in linear hypertrophic scars treated with intralesional steroid or silicone-gel sheeting. A light and electron microscopic study

New combination of triamcinolone, 5-Fluorouracil, and pulsed-dye laser for treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars

New technique for injecting corticosteroid in keloids scarring

Nonoperative techniques for scar management and revision

Perioperative conditions affect long-term hypertrophic scar formation

Pharmacodynamic effect of a preparation of cartilage on scar formation in normal experimental wounds and in scar formation delayed by cortisone

Phase 2 cross-over multicenter trial on the efficacy and safety of topical cyanoacrylates compared with topical silicone gel in the prevention of pathologic scars

Poiseuille's law and large-bore needles: insights intthe delivery of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of keloids

Pressure-pulsed inhalation corticosteroid therapy in olfactory disorders: how we dit.

Prevention of earlobe keloid recurrence with postoperative corticosteroid injections versus radiation therapy: a randomized, prospective study and review of the literature

Prevention of hypertrophic scarring

Role of liquid nitrogen alone compared with combination of liquid nitrogen and intralesional triamcinolone acetonide in treatment of small keloids

Safety and efficacy of local administration of contractubex to hypertrophic scars in comparison to corticosteroid treatment.

Scar contractures, hypertrophic scars, and keloids

Scar tissue

Scars and keloids

Silicone fluid and steroids in the prevention of adhesions

Standard guidelines of care: Keloids and hypertrophic scars

Successful management of vulvar adhesions with potent topical corticosteroids: a case report

Successful treatment of earlobe keloids in the pediatric population

Surgical excision and immediate postoperative radiotherapy versus cryotherapy and intralesional steroids in the management of keloids: a prospective clinical trial

The action of fluocinolone acetonide upon scar tissue formation

The combined use of cryosurgery and intralesional injections of suspensions of fluorinated adrenocorticosteroids for reducing keloids and hypertrophic scars

The cost effectiveness of intralesional steroid therapy for keloids

The effect of combined steroid and calcium channel blocker injection on human hypertrophic scars in animal model: a new strategy for the treatment of hypertrophic scars

The effects of mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone on fibrosis/scar tissue formation secondary to subglottic trauma (experimental study)

The most current algorithms for the treatment and prevention of hypertrophic scars and keloids

The place of intralesional steroid therapy in dermatology

The role of full-thickness skin grafting and steroid injection in the treatment of auricular keloids

The treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids

The treatment of hyposmia with intranasal steroids.

The treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars by corticosteroids

The use of corticosteroids to treat keloids: a review

The valve of prednisone in the prevention of scarring after vasovasostomy

Topical corticosteroids applied with a squirt system are more effective than a nasal spray for steroid-dependent olfactory impairment.

Topical corticosteroids. Which drug and when

Treatment methods of keloid and hypertrophic scar formation

Treatment of cheloids and cheloid scars with intralesional corticoid injections

Treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis with inhaled corticosteroids.

Treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars

Treatment of inflamed hypertrophic scars using intralesional 5-FU

Treatment of keloid scars by combined cryosurgery and intralesional corticosteroids

Treatment of keloid scars with pulsed dye laser and intralesional steroid

Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars

Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars. Pilot study with intralesional Lipotalon injections

Treatment of keloids and some skin diseases with topical injections of triamcinolone

Treatment of keloids by single intraoperative perilesional injection of repository steroid

Treatment of postdermabrasion facial hypertrophic and keloid scars with intralesional 5-Fluorouracil injections

Treatment of scars by steroid injections

Treatment response of keloidal and hypertrophic sternotomy scars: comparison among intralesional corticosteroid, 5-fluorouracil, and 585-nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed-dye laser treatments

Use of corticoids in local treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids in children

General Corticosteroids - Stretch Marks

A case of edematous striae distensae in lupus nephritis

Aldosterone and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists modulate elastin and collagen deposition in human skin

Cosmetic use of skin depigmentation products in Africa

Effects of mometasone furoate on human keratinocytes and fibroblasts in vitro

Elastotic striae associated with striae distensae after application of very potent topical corticosteroids

Extensive striae distensae as a result of topical corticosteroid therapy in psoriasis vulgaris

Treatment outcome using prednisone in corticosteroid-responsive primary nephrotic syndrome in children

Ulceration of Striae distensae in high-grade glioma patients on concurrent systemic corticosteroid and bevacizumab therapy

General Disease State - Hyposmia

Decreasing nasal mucus Ca++ improves hyposmia.

General Pain

A clinical comparison of topical piroxicam and EMLA cream in pain relief and inflammation in laser hair removal.

A multiple-dose, open-label, safety, compliance, and usage evaluation study of epicutaneously applied Diractin (ketoprofen in Transfersome) in joint/musculoskeletal pain or soft tissue inflammation.

Analgesic synergy between topical opioids and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the mouse model of thermal pain.

Dtopical analgesics reduce pain associated with wound dressing changes or debridement of chronic wounds?

Effective use of topical amitriptyline hydrochloride 2.5% and ketamine hydrochloride 0.5% for analgesia in refractory proctodynia.

Efficacy and safety of a topical diclofenac solution in the treatment of primary osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, double-blind, vehicle controlled clinical trial.

Five compounds for treating diabetes related conditions.

In vitro and In vivo Percutaneous Absorption of Topical Dosage Forms: Case Studies. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 2005.

Intestinal toxicity of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

li>National Survey: Topical Prescription Creams Reduce Pain in Five of Every Six Chronic Pain Patients, Without Need for Opioids or Other Narcotics � CNBC.

Predictors of topical anesthetic effectiveness in children.

Rectal administration of antiepileptic drugs in children.

Rectal anticonvulsants in pediatric practice.

Should topical opioid analgesics be regarded as effective and safe when applied to chronic cutaneous lesions?

Systematic review of the role of alternative application routes for opioid treatment for moderate to severe cancer pain: an EPCRC opioid guidelines project.

The use of topical opioids to relieve pressure ulcer pain.

Topical Analgesics: A Review of Reviews and a Bit of Perspective.

Topical and Peripherally Acting Analgesics.

Topical anesthetic creams.

Topical diclofenac and its role in pain and inflammation: an evidence-based review.

Topical gabapentin in the treatment of localized and generalized vulvodynia.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Topical NSAIDs for Acute Pain: A Meta-Analysis.

Topical NSAIDs for chronic musculoskeletal pain: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people. The TOIB study.

Topical therapies for osteoarthritis.

Topical therapy for osteoarthritis: clinical and pharmacologic perspectives.

Topical treatment of neuropathic pain.

Topical treatments for pain.

Transdermal gel in the treatment of postoperative pain.

Transdermal opioids as front line treatment of moderate tsevere cancer pain: a systemic review.

Use of topical medication in orofacial neuropathic pain: a retrospective study.

Gentamicin

Comparison of gentamicin and mupirocin in the prevention of exit-site infection and peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis.

Comparison of gentamicin distribution in the inner ear following administration via the endolymphatic sac or round window.

Design and evaluation of a bioadhesive patch for topical delivery of gentamicin sulphate.

Effect of an implantable gentamicin-collagen sponge on sternal wound infections following cardiac surgery: a randomized trial.

Effect of endosinusal treatment on cellular markers in mild and moderate asthmatics.

Effect of gentamicin-absorbed collagen in wound healing in pilonidal sinus surgery: a prospective randomized study.

Effects of topical antimicrobial agents on the human neutrophil respiratory burst.

Elastase activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from oxygen-exposed, Pseudomonas-infected baboons.

Gentamicin aerosol therapy in 18 dogs: failure to induce detectable serum concentrations of the drug.

Gentamicin sulfate, neomycin sulfate and polymyxin B sulfate bladder irrigation.

Gentamicin-collagen sponge for infection prophylaxis in colorectal surgery.

Influence of combined intravenous and topical antibiotic prophylaxis on the incidence of infections, organ dysfunctions, and mortality in critically ill surgical patients: a prospective, stratified, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical tr

Local administration of antibiotics by gentamicin-collagen sponge does not improve wound healing or reduce recurrence rate after pilonidal excision with primary suture: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

Safety and efficacy of once-daily nasal irrigation for the treatment of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis.

Systemic absorption of topical gentamicin sinus irrigation.

Glycolic acid

Comparison of topical therapy for striae alba (20% glycolic acid/0.05% tretinoin versus 20% glycolic acid/10% L-ascorbic acid).

Safety and efficacy of 4% hydroquinone combined with 10% glycolic acid, antioxidants, and sunscreen in thetreatment of melasma.

The use of chemical peelings in the treatment of different cutaneous hyperpigmentations.

Glycopyrrolate

ABHR Gel in the Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting in the Hospice Patient.

Craniofacial hyperhidrosis successfully treated with topical glycopyrrolate.

Glycopyrrolate 1% Cream.

The beneficial effect of topical glycopyrrolate in a patient with neuropathic lower extremity pain.

Griseofulvin

Topical griseofulvin in dermatophytoses.

Haloperidol

Lorazepam, diphenhydramine, and haloperidol transdermal gel for rescue from chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting: results of twpilot trials.

Oral combination antiemetics in patients with small cell lung cancer receiving cisplatin or cyclophosphamide plus doxorubicin.

Hydromorphone

A multicenter, open-label, exploratory dose-ranging trial of intranasal hydromorphone for managing acute pain from traumatic injury.

A multiple-dose phase I study of intranasal hydromorphone hydrochloride in healthy volunteers.

Hydroquinone

A double-blind randomized trial of 5% ascorbic acid vs. 4% hydroquinone in melasma.

Modern approach to topical treatment of aging skin.

Safety and efficacy of 4% hydroquinone combined with 10% glycolic acid, antioxidants, and sunscreen in thetreatment of melasma.

Ibuprofen

Antifungal activity of ibuprofen alone and in combination with fluconazole against Candida species.

Development and Evaluation of Ibuprofen Transdermal Gel Formulations.

Effects of ibuprofen topical gel on muscle soreness.

Ibuprofen transdermal ethosomal gel: characterization and efficiency in animal models.

Optimisation of cosolvent concentration for topical drug delivery - II: influence of propylene glycol on ibuprofen permeation.

Optimisation of cosolvent concentration for topical drug delivery III--influence of lipophilic vehicles on ibuprofen permeation.

Oral versus topical Ibuprofen for chronic knee pain: a prospective randomized pilot study.

Quantitative systematic review of topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Quantitative systematic review of topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

The effect of formulation vehicles on the in vitro percutaneous permeation of ibuprofen.

Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and admission to hospital for upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation: a record linkage case-control study.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Imiquimod

An open, nonrandomized, comparative study of imiquimod 5% cream versus 10% potassium hydroxide solution in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum.

An open, randomized, comparative clinical and histological study of imiquimod 5% cream versus 10% potassium hydroxide solution in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum.

Indomethacin

Assessment of the percutaneous penetration of indomethacin from soybean oil microemulsion: effects of the HLB value of mixed surfactants.

Efficacy of a fixed combination of indomethacin, prochlorperazine, and caffeine versus sumatriptan in acute treatment of multiple migraine attacks: a multicenter, randomized, crossover trial.

Microemulsion: a novel transdermal delivery system to facilitate skin penetration of indomethacin.

Physicochemical performances of indomethacin in cholesteryl cetyl carbonate liquid crystal as a transdermal dosage.

Isoconazole

Double-blind study with topical Isoconazole and Terbinafine for the treatment of one patient with bilateral Tinea nigra plantaris and suggestions for new differential diagnosis.

Isoconazole nitrate vs isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate in the treatment of tinea inguinalis: results of a multicenter retrospective study.

Rapid relief of intertrigo-associated pruritus due to Candida albicans with isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate combination therapy.

Isosorbide Dinitrate

Improvement of walking distance in patients with intermittent claudication by chronic local therapy with isosorbide dinitrate ointment.

Isosorbide dinitrate ointment in the long-term treatment of intermittent claudication [article in Italian].

Itraconazole

Antifungal treatment and chronic rhinosinusitis.

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

Toenail onychomycosis in diabetic patients: issues and management.

Topical antibiotic, antifungal, and antiseptic solutions decrease ciliary activity in nasal respiratory cells.

Ketamine

A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a topical treatment for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: NCCTG trial N06CA.

A pilot study examining topical amitriptyline, ketamine, and a combination of both in the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Effective use of topical amitriptyline hydrochloride 2.5% and ketamine hydrochloride 0.5% for analgesia in refractory proctodynia.

Ketamine as an analgesic: parenteral, oral, rectal, subcutaneous, transdermal and intranasal administration.

Ketamine mouthwash for mucositis pain.

Ketamine: an introduction for the pain and palliative medicine physician.

Mechanisms and treatment of neuropathic pain.

Recent advances in postoperative pain management.

Reduction of allodynia in patients with complex regional pain syndrome: A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of topical ketamine.

Topical amitriptyline and ketamine in neuropathic pain syndromes: an open-label study.

Topical amitriptyline and ketamine in neuropathic pain syndromes: an open-label study.

Topical amitriptyline combined with ketamine for the treatment of erythromelalgia: a retrospective study of 36 patients at MayClinic.

Topical amitriptyline-ketamine for the treatment of brachioradial pruritus.

Topical amitriptyline-ketamine for the treatment of brachioradial pruritus.

Topical amitriptyline-ketamine for treatment of rectal, genital, and perineal pain and discomfort.

Topical ketamine and morphine for post-tonsillectomy pain.

Topical ketamine cream in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind initial study.

Topical ketamine gel: possible role in treating neuropathic pain.

Topical ketamine in the treatment of mucositis pain.

Topical ketamine treatment of postherpetic neuralgia.

Topical ketamine treatment of postherpetic neuralgia.

Transdermal ketamine as an adjuvant for postoperative analgesia after abdominal gynecological surgery using lidocaine epidural blockade.

Transdermal Lidocaine and Ketamine for Neuropathic Pain: A Study of Effectiveness and Tolerability.

Ketonazole

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

Ketoprofen

Addition of UVA-absorber butyl methoxy dibenzoylmethane to topical ketoprofen formulation reduces ketoprofen-photoallergic reaction.

Compounding of a topical drug with prospective natural surfactant-stabilized pharmaceutical bases: Physicochemical and in vitro/in vivo characterization - A ketoprofen case study.

Effect of oleic acid modified polymeric bilayered nanoparticles on percutaneous delivery of spantide II and ketoprofen.

Efficacy and safety of ketoprofen patch in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Formulation and in vitro evaluation of ketoprofen in palm oil esters nanoemulsion for topical delivery.

In vitro release and anti-inflammatory activity of topical formulations of ketoprofen.

Itra-articular absorption and distribution of ketoprofen after topical plaster application and oral intake in 100 patients undergoing knee arthroscopy.

Ketoprofen 2.5% gel versus placebgel in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries.

Ketoprofen absorption by muscle and tendon after topical or oral administration in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Ketoprofen gel as an adjunct to physical therapist management of a child with Sever disease.

Ketoprofen vs etofenamate in a controlled double-blind study: evidence of topical effectiveness in soft tissue rheumatic pain.

Management of uncomplicated ankle sprains with topical or oral ketoprofen treatment. A registry study.

New therapeutic approaches for management of sport-induced muscle strains.

Percutaneous absorption of ketoprofen from different anatomical sites in man.

Percutaneous treatment of acute soft tissue lesions with naproxen gel and ketoprofen gel.

Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in rabbit after a single topical application.

Physical characteristics, pharmacological properties and clinical efficacy of the ketoprofen patch: a new patch formulation.

Physicochemical studies of binary eutectic of ibuprofen and ketoprofen for enhanced transdermal drug delivery.

Pre-treatment with Aloe vera juice does not enhance the in vitro permeation of ketoprofen across skin.

Quantitative systematic review of topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Topical ketoprofen patch.

Topical ketoprofen TDS patch versus diclofenac gel: efficacy and tolerability in benign sport related soft-tissue injuries.

Topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and admission to hospital for upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation: a record linkage case-control study.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Topical treatment of soft tissue rheumatism and athletic injuries. Effectiveness and tolerance of a new ketoprofen gel.

Ketorolac

A novel formulation of ketorolac tromethamine for intranasal administration: preclinical safety evaluation.

Development and characterization of mucoadhesive microspheres for nasal delivery of ketorolac.

Intranasal ketorolac: for short-term pain management.

Ketorolac trometamol topical formulations: release behaviour, physical characterization, skin permeation, efficacy and gastric safety.

Preparation and characterization of spray-dried mucoadhesive microspheres of ketorolac for nasal administration.

SPRIX (ketorolac tromethamine) nasal spray: a novel nonopioid alternative for managing moderate to moderately severe dental pain.

The pharmacokinetics of ketorolac after single postoperative intranasal administration in adolescent patients.

Kojic acid

Modern approach to topical treatment of aging skin.

The use of chemical peelings in the treatment of different cutaneous hyperpigmentations.

Lactic acid

Lactic acid 5 percent mouthwash is an effective mode of therapy in treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcerations.

Lamotrigine

Off-Label Drug Uses - Lamotrigine: Rectal administration.

Rectal absorption of lamotrigine compressed tablets.

Relative bioavailability of lamotrigine chewable dispersible tablets administered rectally.

Levofloxacin

Diagnosis and treatment of acute rhinosinusitis: second consensus.

Evidence-based recommendations for antimicrobial nasal washes in chronic rhinosinusitis.

In vitro pharmacodynamics of levofloxacin and other aerosolized antibiotics under multiple conditions relevant to chronic pulmonary infection in cystic fibrosis.

Levofloxacin inhalation solution (MP-376) in patients with cystic fibrosis with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Nebulized bacitracin/colimycin: a treatment option in recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis with Staphylococcus aureus? A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over pilot study.

Topical antibiotic, antifungal, and antiseptic solutions decrease ciliary activity in nasal respiratory cells.

Lidocaine

5% lidocaine-medicated plaster vs other relevant interventions and placebfor post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN): a systematic review.

A comparison of the lidocaine patch 5% vs naproxen 500 mg twice daily for the relief of pain associated with carpal tunnel syndrome: a 6-week, randomized, parallel-group study.

An alternative lidocaine hydrochloride liposomal gel formulation: preparation, percutaneous permeation, and release kinetics.

An approach to management of keloids.

Antihyperalgesic efficacy of 5% lidocaine medicated plaster in capsaicin and sunburn pain models--twrandomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover trials in healthy volunteers.

ArteFill: a permanent skin filler.

Comparing healthcare costs of Medicaid patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) treated with lidocaine patch 5% versus gabapentin or pregabalin.

Comparison of a topical mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA) versus 1% lidocaine infiltration on wound healing.

Comparison of cutaneous anesthetic effect of 8% lidocaine spray with lidocaine patch using current perception threshold test.

Current concepts in the management of keloids.

Development of lidocaine gels for enhanced local anesthetic action.

Effect of lidocaine tape on pain during intra-lesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide for the treatment of keloid.

Efficacy of treatment to relieve mucositis-induced discomfort.

Fractional lasers in dermatology--current status and recommendations.

Lidocaine 5% medicated plaster: a review of its use in postherpetic neuralgia.

Lidocaine adrenaline tetracaine gel versus tetracaine adrenaline cocaine gel for topical anesthesia in linear scalp and facial lacerations in children aged 5 to 17 years.

Lidocaine eye drops attenuate pain associated with ophthalmic postherpetic neuralgia.

Lidocaine lollipop as single-agent anesthesia in upper GI endoscopy.

Lidocaine patches reduce pain in trauma patients with rib fractures.

Lidocaine-prilocaine cream versus tetracaine gel for procedural pain in children.

Misoprostol 0.001% and Lidocaine 0.5% Oral Rinse.

Misoprostol 0.0024% and Lidocaine 1% in Glycerin Mouth Paint.

Our experiences in chronic benign pain by injecting local anesthetic into scars.

Pain-free intralesional injection of triamcinolone for the treatment of keloid.

Post-herpetic neuralgia: 5% lidocaine medicated plaster, pregabalin, or a combination of both? A randomized, open, clinical effectiveness study.

Quantitative and selective evaluation of differential sensory nerve block after transdermal lidocaine.

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial using lidocaine patch 5% in traumatic rib fractures.

Reducing the flavour of oral lidocaine: randomized controlled trial assessing the efficacy of mint-flavoured mouthwash.

Remodelling of keloid tissue into normal-looking skin.

Safety and efficacy of a rapid-acting topical 4% lidocaine gel in a unique drug delivery system.

Safety of occluded 4% liposomal lidocaine cream.

Single-layer transdermal film containing lidocaine: modulation of drug release.

Survey of topical oral solutions for the treatment of chemo-induced oral mucositis.

Synthetic therapy for keloid in aural region.

Temporomandibular joint iontophoresis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.

The analgesic effect of a metered-dose 8% lidocaine pump spray in posttraumatic peripheral neuropathy: a pilot study.

Topical gel for neuropathic pain.

Topical lidocaine for the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia.

Topical lidocaine gel relieves postherpetic neuralgia.

Topical lignocaine gel for split-thickness skin graft donor-site pain management.

Transdermal application of 10% lidocaine-gel for management of pain associated with herpes zoster.

Transdermal Lidocaine and Ketamine for Neuropathic Pain: A Study of Effectiveness and Tolerability.

Using lidocaine as an additional topical local anesthetic agent in gynecological procedures.

Warm steaming enhances the topical anesthetic effect of lidocaine.

Loratadine

How to Treat Raised Scars Under the Eyelash Line.

Lorazepam

ABHR Gel in the Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting in the Hospice Patient.

Intranasal delivery of antiepileptic medications for treatment of seizures.

Lorazepam, diphenhydramine, and haloperidol transdermal gel for rescue from chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting: results of twpilot trials.

Oral combination antiemetics in patients with small cell lung cancer receiving cisplatin or cyclophosphamide plus doxorubicin.

LoxaSperse

Technical Report: Antimicrobial Effectiveness Testing of a Budesonide LoxaSpers Dispersion.

Technical Report: Antimicrobial Effectiveness Testing of a Gentamicin LoxaSperse Dispersion.

Technical Report: Characterization of the Physical and Microbiological Properties of LoxaSperse

Technical Report: The Antimicrobial Activity of Itraconazole and LoxaSperse Against Biofilms of C. albicans.

Meloxicam

Design, Characterization, and Evaluation of Meloxicam Gel Prepared by Suspension and Solution Polymerization Using Solubility Parameter as the Basis for Development.

Formulation of meloxicam gel for topical application: In vitro and in vivo evaluation.

Meloxicam ?-cyclodextrin transdermal gel: physicochemical characterization and in vitro dissolution and diffusion studies.

Methadone

Analgesic effects of topical methadone: a report of four cases.

Evaluation of methadone absorption after topical administration to hospice patients.

Use of sublingual methadone for treating pain of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis.

Methotrexate

Management of psoriasis vulgaris with methotrexate 0.25% in a hydrophilic gel: a placebo-controlled, double-blind study.

Topical 0.25% methotrexate gel in a hydrogel base for palmoplantar psoriasis.

Topical methotrexate delivered by iontophoresis in the treatment of recalcitrant psoriais--a case report.

Metoclopramide

ABHR Gel in the Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting in the Hospice Patient.

Intranasal metoclopramide.

Oral combination antiemetics in patients with small cell lung cancer receiving cisplatin or cyclophosphamide plus doxorubicin.

The effectiveness of combined oral lysine acetylsalicylate and metoclopramide (Migpriv) in the treatment of migraine attacks. Comparison with placeband oral sumatriptan.

Metronidazole

Clinical evaluation of subgingival application of metronidazole 25%, and adjunctive therapy.

Effects of topical application of metronidazole-containing mucoadhesive lipogel in periodontal pockets.

Malignant cutaneous wounds: a management protocol.

Systemic absorption of metronidazole after application of a metronidazole 25% dental gel.

Topical metronidazole (10 percent) decreases posthemorrhoidectomy pain and improves healing.

Topical metronidazole can reduce pain after surgery and pain on defecation in postoperative hemorrhoidectomy.

[Topical treatment of peri-implantitis with metronidazole dental gel 25%. Clinical analysis and microbiological control].

Micafungin

Initial characterization of micafungin pulmonary delivery via twdifferent nebulizers and multivariate data analysis of aerosol mass distribution profiles.

Successful topical application of a new antifungal agent, micafungin, in the treatment of refractory fungal corneal ulcers: report of three cases and literature review.

The comparison of solitary topical micafungin or fluconazole application in the treatment of Candida fungal keratitis.

Miconazole

Gradient HPLC-DAD stability indicating determination of miconazole nitrate and lidocaine hydrochloride in their combined oral gel dosage form.

Suction clearance and 2% topical miconazole versus the same combination with acidic drops in the treatment of otomycosis.

Midazolam

Community use of intranasal midazolam for managing prolonged seizures.

Intranasal delivery of antiepileptic medications for treatment of seizures.

Intranasal midazolam therapy for pediatric status epilepticus.

Minocycline

Topical minocycline for managing symptoms of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

Misoprostol

A prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blinded pilot study of misoprostol rectal suppositories in the prevention of acute and chronic radiation proctitis symptoms in prostate cancer patients.

Misoprostol 0.001% and Lidocaine 0.5% Oral Rinse.

Misoprostol 0.0024% and Lidocaine 1% in Glycerin Mouth Paint.

Misoprostol 0.0027% Mucoadhesive Powder.

Montelukast

A phase I randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-exploration study of single-dose inhaled montelukast in patients with chronic asthma.

Inhaled montelukast inhibits cysteinyl-leukotriene-induced bronchoconstriction in ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pigs: the potential as a new asthma medication.

The efficacy and tolerability of inhaled montelukast plus inhaled mometasone compared with mometasone alone in patients with chronic asthma.

Morphine

A randomised controlled trial to test the analgesic efficacy of topical morphine on minor superficial and partial thickness burns in accident and emergency departments.

Analgesic efficacy and safety of morphine-chitosan nasal solution in patients with moderate to severe pain following orthopedic surgery.

Chronic arthritis pain management with topical morphine: case series.

Effect of topical morphine (mouthwash) on oral pain due to chemotherapy- and/or radiotherapy-induced mucositis: a randomized double-blinded study.

Effect of topical morphine for mucositis-associated pain following concomitant chemoradiotherapy for head and neck carcinoma.

Morphine bioavailability from a topical gel formulation in volunteers.

Morphine in intrasite gel applied topically to painful ulcers.

Oral morphine as symptomatic treatment of dyspnoea in patients with advanced cancer.

Pain-relieving properties of topically applied morphine on arterial leg ulcers: a pilot study.

Peripheral opioids in inflammatory pain.

Randomised, double blind, placebcontrolled crossover trial of sustained release morphine for the management of refractory dyspnoea.

The analgesic efficacy and safety of a novel intranasal morphine formulation (morphine plus chitosan), immediate release oral morphine, intravenous morphine, and placebin a postsurgical dental pain model.

The bioavailability of morphine applied topically to cutaneous ulcers.

Moxifloxacin

Efficacy and safety of adjunctive local moxifloxacin delivery in the treatment of periodontitis.

Efficacy of topically delivered moxifloxacin against wound infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Mupirocin

Association of high-level mupirocin resistance and multidrug-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at an academic center in the midwestern United States.

Development of microsponges for topical delivery of mupirocin.

Efficacy of nasal Staphylococcus aureus eradication by topical nasal mupirocin in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

Emerging elevated mupirocin resistance rates among staphylococcal isolates in the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (2000): correlations of results from disk diffusion, Etest and reference dilution methods.

In vitro activity of mupirocin on clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and its potential implications in chronic rhinosinusitis.

Microbiological outcomes following mupirocin nasal washes for symptomatic, Staphylococcus aureus-positive chronic rhinosinusitis following endoscopic sinus surgery.

Nasal lavage with mupirocin for the treatment of surgically recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis.

Nasal lavage with mupirocin for the treatment of surgically recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis.

Reduction in gram-positive pneumonia and antibiotic consumption following the use of a SDD protocol including nasal and oral mupirocin.

The preventive effects of mupirocin against nasotracheal intubation-related bacterial carriage.

Topical antibiotics and clinical use.

Topical mupirocin/sodium hypochlorite reduces peritonitis and exit-site infection rates in children.

Treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis exacerbations due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with mupirocin irrigations.

N-acetylcysteine

Topical N-acetylcysteine for lamellar ichthyosis.

Topical use of N-acetylcysteine for reduction of skin reaction to radiation therapy.

NADH

Therapeutic effects of oral NADH on the symptoms of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Topical application of NADH for the treatment of rosacea and contact dermatitis.

Naloxone

A randomised controlled trial with prolonged-release oral oxycodone and naloxone to prevent and reverse opioid-induced constipation.

Low-dose oral naloxone reverses opioid-induced constipation and analgesia.

Meeting the challenges of opioid-induced constipation in chronic pain management - a novel approach.

Oral naloxone reverses opioid-associated constipation.

Naltrexone - Low Dose

A pilot trial of low-dose naltrexone in primary progressive multiple sclerosis.

Early outcomes following low dose naltrexone enhancement of opioid detoxification.

Fibromyalgia symptoms are reduced by low-dose naltrexone: a pilot study.

Glioma Patients.

Impact of low dose naltrexone (LDN) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) treated HIV+ adults in Mali: A single blind randomized clinical trial.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Low-dose naltrexone effects on plasma chemistries and clinical symptoms in autism: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Low-dose naltrexone for pruritus in systemic sclerosis.

Low-dose naltrexone for the treatment of fibromyalgia: findings of a small, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, counterbalanced, crossover trial assessing daily pain levels.

Low-dose naltrexone in the treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

Low-dose naltrexone suppresses ovarian cancer and exhibits enhanced inhibition in combination with cisplatin.

Low-dose naltrexone targets the opioid growth factor-opioid growth factor receptor pathway to inhibit cell proliferation: mechanistic evidence from a tissue culture model.

Low-dose naltrexone therapy improves active Crohn's disease.

Low-dose naltrexone therapy improves active Crohn's disease.

Metastatic Melanoma, Castrate Resistant Prostate Cancer and Renal Cancer.

Naltrexone for the management of post-burn pruritus: A preliminary report.

Pilot trial of low-dose naltrexone and quality of life in multiple sclerosis.

Prevention and diminished expression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by low dose naltrexone (LDN) or opioid growth factor (OGF) for an extended period: Therapeutic implications for multiple sclerosis.

Problem drinking and low-dose naltrexone-assisted opioid detoxification.

Reduced cannabis use after low-dose naltrexone addition to opioid detoxification.

Revisiting the ALA/N (alpha-lipoic acid/low-dose naltrexone) protocol for people with metastatic and nonmetastatic pancreatic cancer: a report of 3 new cases.

Safety and tolerability of low-dose naltrexone therapy in children with moderate tsevere Crohn's disease: a pilot study.

Single cohort study of the effect of low dose naltrexone on the evolution of immunological, virological and clinical state of HIV+ adults in Mali.

Smoking and Opioid Detoxification: Behavioral Changes and Response to Treatment.

Successful treatment of refractory aquagenic pruritus with naltrexone.

The combination very low-dose naltrexone-clonidine in the management of opioid withdrawal.

The effect of low-dose naltrexone on quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

The long-term survival of a patient with pancreatic cancer with metastases to the liver after treatment with the intravenous alpha-lipoic acid/low-dose naltrexone protocol.

The use of naltrexone in the management of severe generalized pruritus in biliary atresia: report of a case.

Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Using Low Dose Naltrexone (LDN).

Treatment of pruritus with topically applied opiate receptor antagonist.

Very low dose naltrexone addition in opioid detoxification: a randomized, controlled trial.

Naproxen

Evaluation of Glycofurol-Based Gel as a New Vehicle for Topical Application of Naproxen.

Evaluation of glycofurol-based gel as a new vehicle for topical application of naproxen.

Evaluation of percutaneous absorption of naproxen from different liposomal formulations.

Evaluation of skin permeation and anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of new naproxen microemulsion formulations.

Preparation of high solubilizable microemulsion of naproxen and its solubilization mechanism.

Niacinamide

Nicotinic acid/niacinamide and the skin.

Topical niacinamide reduces yellowing, wrinkling, red blotchiness, and hyperpigmented spots in aging facial skin.

Nicardipine

Effect of topical vasodilators on gastroepiploic artery graft.

Nicotinamide

Moisturizing effects of topical nicotinamide on atopic dry skin.

Pharmacologic doses of nicotinamide in the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions: a review.

Topical nicotinamide compared with clindamycin gel in the treatment of inflammatory acne vulgaris.

Nifedipine

Evaluation of the method for nifedipine administration for a rapid onset of clinical effect: a clinical study in normal volunteers.

Intranasal delivery of cardiovascular agents: an innovative approach to cardiovascular pharmacotherapy.

Nitroglycerin/Glyceryl Trinitrate

Nonsurgical treatment of chronic anal fissure: nitroglycerin and dilatation versus nifedipine and botulinum toxin.

Safety and efficacy of new glyceryl trinitrate suppository formula: first double blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.

The management of patients with primary chronic anal fissure: a position paper.

Nystatin

Survey of topical oral solutions for the treatment of chemo-induced oral mucositis.

The efficacy of nystatin combined with topical microbial agents in the treatment of burn wound sepsis.

Ofloxacin

Enhanced bacterial uptake and bactericidal properties of ofloxacin loaded on bioadhesive hydrogels against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Oxcarbazepine

Relative bioavailability, metabolism and tolerability of rectally administered oxcarbazepine suspension.

Oxycodone

A randomised controlled trial with prolonged-release oral oxycodone and naloxone to prevent and reverse opioid-induced constipation.

Phenobarbital

Brain penetration and anticonvulsant efficacy of intranasal phenobarbital in rats.

Relative bioavailability of rectally administered phenobarbital sodium parenteral solution.

Transdermal delivery of Phenobarbital: Preformulation studies.

Phenol

Phenol and menthol in the treatment of chronic skin lesions following mustard gas exposure.

Phenylalanine

Decreased phenylalanine uptake and turnover in patients with vitiligo.

Oral and topical L-phenylalanine, clobetasol propionate, and UVA/sunlight--a new study for the treatment of vitiligo.

Treatment of vitiligwith oral and topical phenylalanine: 6 years of experience.

Phenytoin

A comparison of topical Phenytoin with Silverex in the treatment of superficial dermal burn wounds.

A randomized clinical trial comparing hydrocolloid, phenytoin and simple dressings for the treatment of pressure ulcers [ISRCTN33429693].

Absorption of phenytoin from rectal suppositories formulated with a polyethylene glycol base.

Absorption of rectally administered phenytoin: a pilot study.

Assessment of the effect of phenytoin on cutaneous healing from excision of melanocytic nevi on the face and on the back.

Case report: Topical gel for the treatment of a refractory leg ulcer.

Effect of topical phenytoin on burn wound healing in rats.

Efficacy of topical phenytoin on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis; a pilot study.

Lidocaine hydrochloride 2%, misoprostol 0.0024% and phenytoin 2% topical wound powder.

Metronidazole 2%, misoprostol 0.0024% and phenytoin 5% topical gel.

Phenytoin in cutaneous medicine: its uses, mechanisms and side effects.

Phenytoin in wound healing.

Phenytoin in wound healing.

Role of phenytoin in wound healing--a wound pharmacology perspective.

Role of phenytoin in wound healing--a wound pharmacology perspective.

Systemic absorption of topical phenytoin sodium.

The clinical effect of topical phenytoin on wound healing: a systematic review.

The effect of topical phenytoin on healing in diabetic foot ulcers: a randomized controlled trial.

The impact of topical phenytoin on recalcitrant neuropathic diabetic foot ulceration.

The use of topical phenytoin for healing of chronic venous ulcerations.

Topical diphenylhydantoin sodium can improve healing in a diabetic incisional animal wound model.

Topical phenytoin for wound healing.

Topical phenytoin in diabetic foot ulcers.

Topical phenytoin in diabetic ulcers: a double blind controlled trial.

Topical phenytoin in the treatment of split-thickness skin autograft donor sites: a comparative study with polyurethane membrane drape and conventional dressing.

Topical phenytoin in wound healing.

Topical phenytoin solution for treating pressure ulcers: a prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial.

Topical phenytoin suspension and normal saline in the treatment of leprosy trophic ulcers: a randomized, double-blind, comparative study.

Topical phenytoin treatment of stage II decubitus ulcers in the elderly.

Topical phenytoin treatment of stage II decubitus ulcers in the elderly.

Topical phenytoin versus EUSOL in the treatment of non-malignant chronic leg ulcers.

Twpercent topical phenytoin sodium solution in treating pyoderma gangrenosum: a cohort study.

Wound bed preparation with 10-percent phenytoin ointment increases the take of split-thickness skin graft in large diabetic ulcers.

[The effect of systemic and local irradiation on wound macrophages and the repair promoting action of phenytoin sodium].

Phytonadione

The effects of topical application of phytonadione, retinol and vitamins C and E on infraorbital dark circles and wrinkles of the lower eyelids.

Pilocarpine

An investigation into the use of pilocarpine as a sialagogue in patients with radiation induced xerostomia.

Pilocarpine HCl 2-mg Troches.

Pilocarpine tablets for the treatment of dry mouth and dry eye symptoms in patients with Sjogren syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, multicenter trial. P92-01 Study Group.

[Preparation and evaluation of solid dispersions of pilocarpine hydrochloride for alleviation of xerostomia].

Piroxicam

A clinical comparison of topical piroxicam and EMLA cream for pain relief and inflammation in laser hair removal.

A clinical evaluation of flurbiprofen LAT and piroxicam gel: a multicentre study in general practice.

A pilot double-blinded, randomized, clinical trial of topical virgin olive oil versus piroxicam gel in osteoarthritis of the knee.

Effect of piroxicam gel for pain control and inflammation in Nd:YAG 1064-nm laser hair removal.

Evaluation of proniosomes as an alternative strategy to optimize piroxicam transdermal delivery.

In vitro based index of topical anti-inflammatory activity to compare a series of NSAIDs.

Piroxicam 0.5% topical gel compared to placebin the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries: a double-blind study comparing efficacy and safety.

Piroxicam gel, compared to EMLA cream is associated with less pain after venous cannulation in volunteers.

Plasma and cutaneous drug levels after topical application of piroxicam gel: a study in healthy volunteers.

Promotion of second intention wound healing by emu oil lotion: comparative results with furasin, polysporin, and cortisone.

Quantitative systematic review of topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Suprascapular nerve block or a piroxicam patch for shoulder tip pain after day case laparoscopic surgery.

Topical absorption of piroxicam from organogels--in vitro and in vivo correlations.

Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.

Transbuccal permeation, anti-inflammatory activity and clinical efficacy of piroxicam formulated in different gels.

Transdermal delivery of piroxicam using microemulsions.

Transdermal lontophoresis and skin retention of piroxicam from gels containing piroxicam: hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin complexes.

Polymyxin B

Salvage treatment of pneumonia and initial treatment of tracheobronchitis caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli with inhaled polymyxin B.

Potassium Hydroxide

An open, nonrandomized, comparative study of imiquimod 5% cream versus 10% potassium hydroxide solution in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum.

An open, randomized, comparative clinical and histological study of imiquimod 5% cream versus 10% potassium hydroxide solution in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of 5% potassium hydroxide for the treatment of molluscum contagiosum.

Treatment of molluscum contagiosum with potassium hydroxide: a clinical approach in 35 children.

PracaSil-Plus

Abstract: Compounding for Complex Patients - Pediatrics.

Case Study: Ankle Scars (Old & New) PCCA PracaSil-Plus.

Case Study: Facial Burn & Diaper Rash PCCA PracaSil-Plus Pediatrics.

Case Study: Facial Scars PCCA PracaSil-Plus.

Case Study: Snake Burn PCCA PracaSil-Plus Veterinary.

Technical Report: Efficacy of PracaSil-Plus in Scar Therapy Treatment.

Pramoxine

A pramoxine-based anti-itch lotion is more effective than a control lotion for the treatment of uremic pruritus in adult hemodialysis patients.

Prednisolone

Efficacy of systemic corticosteroid treatment for anosmia with nasal and paranasal sinus disease.

Efficacy of systemic corticosteroid treatment for anosmia with nasal and paranasal sinus disease.

Local and systemic administration of corticosteroids in the treatment of olfactory loss.

The effect of nasal packing and prednisolone on mucosal healing and reciliation in a sheep model.

Topical steroid drops for the treatment of sinus ostia stenosis in the postoperative period.

Prilocaine

Comparison of a topical mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA) versus 1% lidocaine infiltration on wound healing

Fractional lasers in dermatology--current status and recommendations

Safe and less painful injection of triamcinolone acetonide into a keloid--a technique

The influence of a eutectic mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine on minor surgical procedures: a randomized controlled double-blind trial.

Prochlorperazine

Efficacy of a fixed combination of indomethacin, prochlorperazine, and caffeine versus sumatriptan in acute treatment of multiple migraine attacks: a multicenter, randomized, crossover trial.

Propanolol

Evaluation of Skin Permeation of ?-Blockers for Topical Drug Delivery.

Intranasal delivery of cardiovascular agents: an innovative approach to cardiovascular pharmacotherapy.

Propantheline bromide

Propantheline bromide in the management of hyperhidrosis associated with spinal cord injury.

Pseudocatalase

In vivo and in vitro evidence for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) accumulation in the epidermis of patients with vitiligand its successful removal by a UVB-activated pseudocatalase.

Melanocytes are not absent in lesional skin of long duration vitiligo.

Successful treatment of oxidative stress in vitiligo.

Treatment of vitiligwith a topical application of pseudocatalase and calcium in combination with short-term UVB exposure: a case study on 33 patients.

Pyrithione zinc

Does tachyphylaxis occur in long-term management of scalp seborrheic dermatitis with pyrithione zinc-based treatments?

Quinidine

Efficacy and safety of dextromethorphan/quinidine at twdosage levels for diabetic neuropathic pain: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

Retinoic acid

Comparison of topical therapy for striae alba (20% glycolic acid/0.05% tretinoin versus 20% glycolic acid/10% L-ascorbic acid).

Topical tretinoin (retinoic acid) improves early stretch marks.

Topical tretinoin 0.1% for pregnancy-related abdominal striae: an open-label, multicenter, prospective study.

Retinol

The effects of topical application of phytonadione, retinol and vitamins C and E on infraorbital dark circles and wrinkles of the lower eyelids.

Salicylic Acid

Combination urea and salicylic acid ointment nail avulsion in nondystrophic nails: a follow-up observation.

The EVERT (effective verruca treatments) trial protocol: a randomised controlled trial to evaluate cryotherapy versus salicylic acid for the treatment of verrucae.

Topical tacrolimus ointment combined with 6% salicylic acid gel for plaque psoriasis treatment.

Treatment of verruca plantaris with a combination of topical fluorouracil and salicylic acid.

Scopolamine

Reduction of salivary flow with transdermal scopolamine: a four-year experience.

Scopolamine: new preparations. Reference treatment for death rattle.

The use of transdermal scopolamine to control drooling. A case report.

Secretin

Secretin: hypothalamic distribution and hypothesized neuroregulatory role in autism.

Short chain fatty acids

Evaluation of short-chain fatty acid enemas: treatment of radiation proctitis.

Short chain fatty acids are effective in short-term treatment of chronic radiation proctitis: randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.

Sildenafil

Beneficial effect of oral sildenafil therapy on childhood pulmonary arterial hypertension: twelve-month clinical trial of a single-drug, open-label, pilot study.

Extemporaneous sildenafil citrate oral suspensions for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension in children.

Sublingual sildenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction: faster onset of action with less dose.

Silicone

A "silicone suture" technique aided tscalp reduction for the treatment of scarring alopecia.

A comparative clinical study of the treatment of hypertrophic scars with either intralaesional steroid or silicone gel sheeting.

A comparative study evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of twtopical therapies for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars.

A comparison of Sil-K and Epiderm in scar management.

A controlled clinical trial of topical silicone gel sheeting in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids.

A diabetic foot ulcer pilot study: does silicone gel sheeting reduce the incidence of reulceration.

A prospective randomized clinical trial to investigate the effect of silicone gel sheeting (Cica-Care) on post-traumatic hypertrophic scar among the Chinese population.

A randomized clinical trial to study the effect of silicone gel dressing and pressure therapy on posttraumatic hypertrophic scars.

A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, prospective clinical trial of silicone gel in prevention of hypertrophic scar development in median sternotomy wound.

A review of the biologic effects, clinical efficacy, and safety of silicone elastomer sheeting for hypertrophic and keloid scar treatment and management.

Acne scars: pathogenesis, classification and treatment.

Aesthetic effect of silicone gel on surgical scars in Asians.

An open-label pilot study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a silicone gel in the treatment of hypertrophic scars using clinical and ultrasound assessments.

Are there any good treatments for keloid scarring after sternotomy.

Audit of reactions to topical silicon used in the management of hypertrophic scars.

Beneficial effects of silicone cream on grafted skin.

Biological effects of silicone gel sheeting.

Case series: evaluation of a liquid silicone gel on scar appearance following excisional surgery--a pilot study.

Cica-Care gel sheeting in the management of hypertrophic scarring.

Cimeosil: Does Cimeosil Work.

Clinical applications of basic research that shows reducing skin tension could prevent and treat abnormal scarring: the importance of fascial/subcutaneous tensile reduction sutures and flap surgery for keloid and hypertrophic scar reconstruction.

Clinical evaluation of a new self-drying silicone gel in the treatment of scars: a preliminary report.

Clinical perspective on silicone dressings and wound management.

Clinical Trials, Papers and Studies Involving the Effectiveness of Silicone Gel in Managing Scars.

Closed capsulotomy causing fractures of the scar capsule and the silicone bag of a breast implant. Case report.

Comparison of a silicone gel-filled cushion and silicone gel sheeting for the treatment of hypertrophic or keloid scars.

Comparison of Effectiveness of Silicone Gel Sheeting With Microporous Paper Tape in the Prevention of Hypertrophic Scarring in a Rabbit Model.

Comparison of efficacy of silicone gel, silicone gel sheeting, and topical onion extract including heparin and allantoin for the treatment of postburn hypertrophic scars.

Congenital erosive and vesicular dermatosis with reticulated scarring in a newborn: an innovative treatment using a silicone dressing.

Current methods of treatment and prevention of pathologic scars.

Cytokine mRNA changes during the treatment of hypertrophic scars with silicone and nonsilicone gel dressings.

Dermatix: Does Dermatix Work

Dynamics of wound healing after silicone device implantation.

Effect of four treatment variants on the functional and cosmetic state of mature scars.

Effectiveness of silastic sheet coverage in the treatment of scar keloid (hypertrophic scar).

Effectiveness of silicone sheets in the prevention of hypertrophic breast scars.

Effects of combined intralesional 5-Fluorouracil and topical silicone in prevention of keloids: a double blind randomized clinical trial study.

Effects of enhanced patient education on compliance with silicone gel sheeting and burn scar outcome: a randomized prospective study.

Effects of silicone gel on burn scars.

Efficacy of a polyurethane dressing versus a soft silicone sheet on hypertrophic scars.

Efficacy of topical cyanoacrylates compared to topical silicone gel in the treatment of hypertrophic scars.

Elemental composition changes between breast tissue with and without silicone gel sheeting and hypertrophic scar tissue.

Evaluation of a self-adherent soft silicone dressing for the treatment of hypertrophic postoperative scars.

Evaluation of silicone-gel sheeting on early wound healing of linear incisions.

Evolution of silicone therapy and mechanism of action in scar management.

Experience of silicone gel sheets for patients with keloid scars after median sternotomy.

Experience with silastic gel sheeting in pediatric scarring.

Facial keloids. A 15-year experience.

Flatten that scar.

Hypertrophic and keloidal scars: an approach to polytherapy.

Hypertrophic scar model in the rabbit ear: a reproducible model for studying scar tissue behavior with new observations on silicone gel sheeting for scar reduction.

Hypertrophic scars and keloids: which therapeutic options today.

Hypertrophic sternal scars: silicone gel sheet versus Kenalog injection treatment.

Influence of silicone on abnormal scarring.

International clinical recommendations on scar management.

International clinical recommendations on scar management.

JAAD online. Over-the-counter scar products for postsurgical patients: disparities between online advertised benefits and evidence regarding efficacy.

Kelo-Cote: Does Kelo-Cote Work.

Keloid and hypertrophic scars.

Keloid and hypertrophic scars: a review of recent developments in pathogenesis and management.

Keloids: prevention and management

Liquid silicone injections to improve scars: is this a solution to the problem.

Management of chest keloids.

Management of keloids and hypertrophic scars.

Medical and surgical management of keloids: a review.

Morphological analysis of the connective tissue reaction in linear hypertrophic scars treated with intralesional steroid or silicone-gel sheeting. A light and electron microscopic study.

New innovations in scar management.

Non-operative treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids after burns in children.

Nonoperative techniques for scar management and revision.

Nonsurgical management of hypertrophic scars: evidence-based therapies, standard practices, and emerging methods.

Occlusion regulates epidermal cytokine production and inhibits scar formation.

Phase 2 cross-over multicenter trial on the efficacy and safety of topical cyanoacrylates compared with topical silicone gel in the prevention of pathologic scars.

Positive response of a recurrent keloid scar to topical methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy.

Posttraumatic scar revision: a review and case presentation.

Prefer On: Does Prefer On Work.

Preliminary evaluation of the efficacy of dermatix silicone gel in the reduction of scar elevation and pigmentation.

Prevention of hypertrophic scars and keloids by the prophylactic use of topical silicone gel sheets following a surgical procedure in an office setting.

Promising results from a pilot study on compression treatment of ear keloids.

Prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled study to assess the efficacy of the 585-nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed-dye laser and silicone gel sheeting in hypertrophic scar treatment.

Re: Effectiveness of silicone sheets in the prevention of hypertrophic breast scars.

Scar Esthetique: Does Scar Esthetique Work.

Scar Fade: Does Scar Fade Work.

Scar tissue.

Scar Zone: Does Scar Zone Work.

SCARprin Review.

Self-adhesive silicone gel sheet: a treatment for hypertrophic scars and keloids.

Sense and nonsense of scar creams and gels.

Silastic sheet integrated polymethylmetacrylate splint in addition to surgery for commissure contractures complicated with hypertrophic scar.

Silicone as a therapeutic aid in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids.

Silicone cream occlusive dressing--a novel noninvasive regimen in the treatment of keloid.

Silicone fluid and steroids in the prevention of adhesions.

Silicone gel appears inexplicably to flatten, lighten hypertrophic scars from burns.

Silicone gel in scar treatment.

Silicone gel in the treatment of burn and prevention of hypertrophic scar.

Silicone gel in the treatment of keloid scars.

Silicone gel in the treatment of keloids.

Silicone gel sheet tie-over for skin graft on the eyelid following release of scar contracture.

Silicone gel sheeting for the management of hypertrophic and keloid scars: the mechanism of its action.

Silicone gel sheeting for the prevention and management of evolving hypertrophic and keloid scars.

Silicone gel sheeting in scar therapy.

Silicone gel sheeting.

Silicone gel sheets relieve pain and pruritus with clinical improvement of keloid: possible target of mast cells.

Silicone gel treatment of extensive hypertrophic scarring following toxic epidermal necrolysis.

Silicone gel: a new treatment for burn scars and contractures.

Silicone occlusive sheeting vs silicone cushion for the treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars. A prospective-randomized study.

Silicone occlusive treatment of hypertrophic scar in the rabbit model.

Silicone Scar Treatment| My Experience with Silicone for Scars.

Silicone sheet for treatment and prevention of hypertrophic scar: a new proposal for the mechanism of efficacy.

Silicone sheeting decreases fibroblast activity and downregulates TGFbeta2 in hypertrophic scar model.

Silicone thermoplastic sheeting for treatment of facial scars: an improved technique.

Silicone use in keloids.

Silicone versus nonsilicone gel dressings: a controlled trial.

Silicone-based scar therapy: a review of the literature.

Silicones in the rehabilitation of burns: a review and overview.

Spenc2nd Skin Scar Gel: Does Spenc2nd Skin Scar Gel Work.

Standard guidelines of care: Keloids and hypertrophic scars.

Static-electric field induction by a silicone cushion for the treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars.

Strategies for prevention of scars: what can we learn from fetal skin.

Symptomatic keloids in twchildren. Dramatic improvement with silicone cream occlusive dressing.

Talsyn CI: Does Talsyn CI Work.

The effect of silicone gel on basic fibroblast growth factor levels in fibroblast cell culture.

The effect of silicone gel sheets on perfusion of hypertrophic burn scars.

The effect of sodium-hyaluronate on scar tissue formation under a subconjunctival silicone implant in the rabbit.

The effects of topically applied silicone gel and its silver derivative on the prevention of hypertrophic scarring in twrabbit ear scarring models.

The efficacy of magnetic disks for the treatment of earlobe hypertrophic scar.

The efficacy of topical silicone gel elastomers in the treatment of hypertrophic scars, keloid scars, and post-laser exfoliation erythema.

The impact of silicone spray on scar formation. A single-center placebo-controlled double-blind trial.

The role of the epidermis in the control of scarring: evidence for mechanism of action for silicone gel.

The tensile reduction effects of silicone gel sheeting.

The use of plastic face mask and silicone gloves and boots as alternative to compression suits for treating hypertrophic scars.

The use of pressure and silicone in hypertrophic scar management in burns patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial.

The use of silicone gel for treating children's burn scars in Saudi Arabia: a case study.

The use of silicone gel in the treatment of fresh surgical scars: a randomized study.

The use of silicone gel sheeting in the management of hypertrophic and keloid scars.

The use of silicone occlusive sheeting (Sil-K) and silicone occlusive gel (Epiderm) in the prevention of hypertrophic scar formation.

Topical revitalization of body skin.

Topical scar modification: hype or help.

Topical silastic gel sheeting for treating and controlling hypertrophic and keloid scars: case study.

Topical silicone gel for the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scar.

Topical silicone gel sheeting in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids. A dermatologic experience.

Topical silicone gel versus placebin promoting the maturation of burn scars: a randomized controlled trial.

Topical silicone gel: a new treatment for hypertrophic scars.

Topical treatments for hypertrophic scars.

Topigel in the treatment of hypertrophic scars after burn injuries.

Treatment of acne scars with liquid silicone injections: 30-year perspective.

Treatment of hypertrophic and keloid scars with SILASTIC Gel Sheeting.

Treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids with an LBlaser (532 nm) and silicone gel sheeting.

Treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars.

Treatment of painful scars on soles and digits with injections of fluid silicone.

Treatment of scars and keloids with a cream containing silicone oil.

Use of a glycerin-based gel sheeting in scar management.

Use of Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale for evaluation of facial scars treated with self-drying silicone gel.

Use of silicone gel sheets for prevention of keloid scars after median sternotomy.

Vitamin E added silicone gel sheets for treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids.

Why does topical silicone gel improve hypertrophic scars? A hypothesis.

Silicone - Stretch Marks

Creams to Remove Stretch Marks.

Does Mederma Really Work for Stretch Marks.

How to Eliminate Stretch Marks & Scars.

How to get Rid of Stretch Marks After Working Out.

Scars and Stretch Marks.

Stretch Mark Treatment.

Topical revitalization of body skin.

Sodium Salicylate

Treatment of plantar verrucae using 2% sodium salicylate iontophoresis.

Spironolactone

Comparison of the efficacy of 5% topical spironolactone gel and placebin the treatment of mild and moderate acne vulgaris: a randomized controlled trial.

Topical spironolactone reduces sebum secretion rates in young adults.

Squaric acid

Squaric acid immunotherapy for warts in children.

Squaric acid dibutylester

Contact immunotherapy with squaric acid dibutylester for the treatment of recalcitrant warts.

Squaric acid immunotherapy for warts in children.

Use of squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE) for cutaneous warts in children.

Sucralfate

Natural history of late radiation proctosigmoiditis treated with topical sucralfate suspension.

Topical sucralfate in the management of peristomal skin disease: an open study.

Topical use of Sucralfate Cream in second and third degree burns.

Sulfamethoxazole

Antibacterial treatment of chronic bronchitis (author's transl).

Medical management of sinusitis: educational goals and management guidelines. The International Conference on sinus Disease.

Topical provocation of fixed drug eruption due to sulphamethoxazole.

Tacrolimus

Topical tacrolimus ointment combined with 6% salicylic acid gel for plaque psoriasis treatment.

Tamoxifen

Topical tamoxifen--a potential therapeutic regime in treating excessive dermal scarring?

Tazarotene

Palliative treatment of fingernail lichen planus.

Terbinafine

Efficacy of topical antifungals in the treatment of dermatophytosis: a mixed-treatment comparison meta-analysis involving 14 treatments.

Efficacy, safety and tolerability of topical terbinafine nail solution in patients with mild-to-moderate toenail onychomycosis: results from three randomized studies using double-blind vehicle-controlled and open-label active-controlled designs.

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

Toenail onychomycosis in diabetic patients: issues and management.

Treatment of onychomycosis: pros and cons of antifungal agents.

Tetrahydrofurfuryl

Treatment of autism spectrum children with thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide: a pilot study.

Theophylline

An open-label controlled trial of theophylline for treatment of patients with hyposmia.

Intranasal theophylline treatment of hyposmia and hyogeusia.

Theophylline induces changes in the electro-olfactogram of the mouse.

Tizanidine

A combined approach of chemical enhancers and sonophoresis for the transdermal delivery of tizanidine hydrochloride.

Improved transnasal transport and brain uptake of tizanidine HCl-loaded thiolated chitosan nanoparticles for alleviation of pain.

Tobramycin

Addition of inhaled tobramycin to ciprofloxacin for acute exacerbations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in adult bronchiectasis.

Aerosol antibiotics in cystic fibrosis.

Colonization in patients receiving and not receiving topical antimicrobial prophylaxis.

Dose-dependent effects of topical tobramycin in an animal model of Pseudomonas sinusitis.

Effects of an LL-37-derived antimicrobial peptide in an animal model of biofilm Pseudomonas sinusitis.

Epidemiological impact of prolonged systematic use of topical SDD on bacterial colonization of the tracheobronchial tree and antibiotic resistance. A three year study.

Evaluation of the in vivefficacy of topical tobramycin against Pseudomonas sinonasal biofilms.

Inhaled tobramycin (TOBI): a review of its use in the management of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Inhaled tobramycin in children with acute bacterial rhinopharyngitis.

Inhaled tobramycin in non-cystic fibrosis patients with bronchiectasis and chronic bronchial infection with Pseduomonas aeruginosa.

Outpatient Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bronchial Colonization with Long-term Inhaled Colistin, Tobramycin, or Both in Adults without Cystic Fibrosis.

Preparation and characterization of spray-dried tobramycin powders containing nanoparticles for pulmonary delivery.

Pulmonary spray dried powders of tobramycin containing sodium stearate to improve aerosolization efficiency.

Spray-dried carrier-free dry powder tobramycin formulations with improved dispersion properties.

The effect of oropharyngeal decontamination using topical nonabsorbable antibiotics on the incidence of nosocomial respiratory tract infections in multiple trauma patients.

Tobramycin bladder irrigation for treating a urinary tract infection in a critically ill patient.

Topical antibiotics on tracheostoma prevents exogenous colonization and infection of lower airways in children.

Topiramate

Relative bioavailability of topiramate administered rectally.

Tranexamic acid

Hemostatic effect of tranexamic acid in elective nasal surgery.

Prevention of postsurgical bleeding in oral surgery using tranexamic acid without dose modification of oral anticoagulants.

Triamcinolone Acetonide

Formulation and efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide mouthwash for treating oral lichen planus.

Trichloroacetic acid

The use of chemical peelings in the treatment of different cutaneous hyperpigmentations.

Trimethoprim

Medical management of sinusitis: educational goals and management guidelines. The International Conference on sinus Disease.

Methaemoglobinaemia secondary to treatment with trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole associated with inhaled nitric oxide.

Pulmonary Nocardiosis.

Use of dapsone in the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in a foal.

Urea

A comparative evaluation of combination therapy of fluconazole 1%and urea 40% compared with fluconazole 1% alone in a nail lacquer for treatment of onychomycosis: therapeutic trial.

Combination of fluconazole and urea in a nail lacquer for treating onychomycosis.

Combination urea and salicylic acid ointment nail avulsion in nondystrophic nails: a follow-up observation.

Fungal nail infections: diagnosis and management.

Nail avulsion: Indications and methods (surgical nail avulsion).

The use of 40% urea cream in the treatment of moccasin tinea pedis.

Urea ointment in the nonsurgical avulsion of nail dystrophies--a reappraisal.

Urea ointment in the nonsurgical avulsion of nail dystrophies--a reappraisal.

Urea plasters alternative to surgery for nail removal.

Valproic Acid

Chronopharmacokinetic study of valproic acid in man: comparison of oral and rectal administration.

Percutaneous absorption of valproic acid and its plasma concentration after application of ointment.

Vancomycin

Antibiotic therapy of infections of the lower respiratory tract.

In vitro activity of mupirocin on clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and its potential implications in chronic rhinosinusitis.

The effect of topical vancomycin applied to sternotomy incisions on postoperative serum vancomycin levels.

The management of acute lower respiratory tract infection.

Topical antibiotic ointments for staphylococcal nasal carriers: survey of current practices and comparison of bacitracin and vancomycin ointments.

Voriconazole

Alternaria keratitis: clinical presentation and resolution with topical fluconazole or intrastromal voriconazole and topical caspofungin.

Characterization and pharmacokinetic analysis of aerosolized aqueous voriconazole solution.

Inhaled voriconazole for prevention of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.

The efficacy of voriconazole in 24 ocular Fusarium infections.

The efficacy of voriconazole in 24 ocular Fusarium infections.

The mycotic ulcer treatment trial: a randomized trial comparing natamycin vs voriconazole.

Topical voriconazole solution for cutaneous aspergillosis in a pediatric patient after bone marrow transplant.

Xylitol

Tolerability of oral xylitol solution in young children: implications for otitis media prophylaxis.

Xylitol in preventing acute otitis media.

Zonisamide

Gentamicin sulfate 0.2%, misoprostol 0.0024% and phenytoin 5% topical gel.

Utility of a rectal suppository containing the antiepileptic drug zonisamide.

 


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